Early 13th centur
God’s Work, Our Hands
Celebrating 150 Years – A Timeline
y St. Francis of Assisi inspires renewal of Gospel living and establishes Franciscan orders.
1855 Sister Mary Francis Bachman, Sister Mary Margaret Boll and Sister Mary Bernardina Dorn found the Sisters of St. Francis of the Third Order Regular in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with the support of St. John Neumann (then bishop of Philadelphia).
1860 Nine sisters travel from Philadelphia to Syracuse and Utica, New York to begin serving in ministry.
1861 Three sisters travel from Philadelphia to Buffalo, New York to serve in parish social ministry.
1865 Dedicated to consoling the sick and the suffering, Sisters Elizabeth Kaufmann , Magdalen Hess and Stephen Winkelman travel from Buffalo to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Upon their arrival, they establish St. Francis Hospital in a 15-bed long frame tenement on 37th Street in Pittsburgh’s Lawrenceville neighborhood. The hospital is the first in the area to serve German immigrants.
1866 St. Francis becomes a 30-bed hospital at a new location on 44th Street, where it thrives for 137 years.
1868 Eleven Sisters of St. Francis begin serving in education ministry at St. Michael’s Church on Pius Street in Pittsburgh’s South Side neighborhood. St. Joseph Convent opens next door, and serves as the first Motherhouse.
1871 Mother Mary Louis Bergem is elected the first superior of the Pittsburgh community when Bishop Michael Domenec requests the separation of the sisters from the Buffalo community.
St. Francis Hospital expands to a three story brick building with five physicians, and becomes a leading health care provider because of the sisters’ many pioneering treatments.
1873 As the congregation continues to grow in numbers, a larger Motherhouse is constructed on Pius Street. One third of the building serves as an orphanage.
St. Francis becomes the first general hospital in the nation to treat female patients with mental illness.
1877 St. Francis Hospital establishes the first industrial medicine program in the nation.
1890 St. Francis is the first hospital in the country to treat alcoholism as a disease.
1900 St. Francis Convent, the sisters’ new Motherhouse atop Mount Alvernia in Millvale is blessed and occupied by the sisters.
1901 St. Francis School of Nursing opens at St. Francis Hospital in Pittsburgh.
Sisters establish St. Joseph Home for Elderly Women at their former Pius Street convent where they provide care for 63 years.
1908 New Castle Hospital is established by the sisters in the 18-room Phillips’ mansion in New Castle, Pennsylvania, 60 miles north of Pittsburgh.
1917 St. Rita Home for Infants is established by the Diocese of Pittsburgh and staffed by Millvale Franciscan sisters for 18 years.
1919 A School of Nursing opens in New Castle.
1922 The Lithuanian Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis begin their novitiate training at Mount Alvernia and in 1925, 59 members move from Millvale to their new convent in Pittsburgh’s Whitehall neighborhood and become the Sisters of St. Francis of the Providence of God.
1929 Our Lady of the Woods Convalescent Home is established in Fenelton, Pennsylvania, where care is offered by the sisters for 27 years.
1931 Five sisters travel to Puerto Rico as missionaries and begin serving at Colegio San Antonio in Rio Piedras.
1936 Mount Alvernia High School for girls opens at St. Francis Convent, Mount Alvernia
1950 St. Francis Hospital in Columbus, Georgia is dedicated. Sisters administered the hospital and served as major department managers for 43 years. In 1993, the sisters withdraw, transferring the hospital to another Catholic entity.
1960 Sisters serve in 10 secondary schools and 30 elementary schools in the Dioceses of Pittsburgh, Greensburg and Altoona-Johnstown.
St. Francis Hospital opens the first physical rehabilitation center between New York and Chicago.
1965 Mother Viola Leininger leads efforts to establish the Franciscan Federation of the Sisters of St. Francis of the Third Order Regular in the U.S.
1967 Health care and education ministries extend beyond western Pennsylvania to serving the poor in Venezuela.
1973 The congregation’s lay Franciscan Associate Program begins.
Crosskeys, a senior adult day care and community mental health center, begins in Brownsville, Pennsylvania with a Sister of St. Francis as chief executive officer. The ministry continues today.
1977 St. Augustine Hi-Rise is dedicated, marking the beginning of Christian Housing, offering senior adults in the Pittsburgh region safe and affordable apartment living. Today, Christian Housing is comprised of 24 facilities and is managed by our sisters.
1980 St. Francis Hospital establishes the first inpatient chemical dependency unit in the eastern U.S.
1984 St. Francis Family Health Center opens in Cranberry Township, Pennsylvania. In addition, St. Francis Hospital reorganizes and becomes St. Francis Health System with six subsidiaries.
1987 Mount Alvernia Day Care and Learning Center opens its doors at Mount Alvernia with five children. Today, more than 275 of God’s little ones attend the school.
1988 St. Francis Nursing Center-East opens in Pittsburgh’s East Liberty neighborhood. St. Francis Nursing Center-North and an outpatient care center open in Cranberry Township.
1989 Congregation opens Montessori School at St. Francis Medical Center in Lawrenceville.
1990 The sisters declare Mount Alvernia a Nuclear Free Zone. In 1996, Mount Alvernia is dedicated as a Peace Site. In 2000, the Pittsburgh area Franciscans proclaim October 4 a day of peace and dedicate a peace pole along the Three Rivers Heritage Trail by the Allegheny River on Pittsburgh’s North Side.
1995 Tabor House of Prayer opens in a wing of the St. Clare building on the Mount Alvernia campus.
1999 Change A Heart is founded, offering young adults a 12-month service experience that empowers them to live simply in community while serving vulnerable populations in the Pittsburgh region.
2002 St. Francis Health System ends its 137-years of providing health care services.
2007 The Sisters of St. Francis of Millvale are reunited with their original Franciscan family in New York through a merger and become known as the Sisters of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities.
2009 A group of Sisters of St. Francis of the Providence of God enter the process of transfer, and nine of the sisters become part of the Western Pennsylvania region of the Sisters of St. Francis of the Neumann Communities.